A prime number is a natural number greater than 1 that cannot be formed by multiplying two smaller natural numbers. In C programming, there are various methods to check for prime numbers and display them over a range. Understanding how to implement this can enhance your control over loop structures and functions in C.

In this article, you will learn how to create a C program that utilizes functions to display prime numbers between two intervals. Explore how to implement this using functional decomposition, making your code modular and more maintainable.

Prime Number Checking Function

Create the Prime Checking Function

Define a function that takes an integer as an argument and returns a boolean value indicating whether it is a prime number.

Use a loop to check for factors from 2 to the square root of the number, returning false if any factors are found.

This function checks if num is divisible by any number from 2 to its square root. If it finds a divisor, it returns false, indicating the number is not prime. If no divisors are found, it returns true.

Main Function to Display Primes

Read two integers from the user, representing the start and end of the interval.

Iterate over this range, calling isPrime() for each number.

Print the number if it is prime.

c

#include<stdio.h>intmain(){intstart,end;printf("Enter two numbers(intervals): ");scanf("%d %d",&start,&end);printf("Prime numbers between %d and %d are: ",start,end);for(intnum=start;num<=end;num++){if(isPrime(num)){printf("%d ",num);}}printf("\n");return0;}

In the main() function, primes between the user-specified start and end are displayed. It repeatedly calls isPrime() to determine if a number within the interval is prime and prints it if true.

Conclusion

By leveraging the power of functions in C, you've simplified the task of finding and printing prime numbers between given intervals. This modular approach not only makes the code cleaner but also enhances its reusability. Employ this strategy in your projects to keep your C programs organized and maintainable. Remember, functions are a fundamental tool in the C programmer's toolkit, aiding in the encapsulation and separation of concerns in complex projects.